Arthritis refers to degeneration of the cartilages in the joints. When the cartilaginous structure of the hip joint is damaged and deteriorated, it loses its lubricity and causes pain and restriction of movement. This condition is called hip arthritis.
Patients usually come to the doctor with one of the following complaints:
- Joint stiffness after getting out of bed or sitting for a long time
- Pain, swelling or tenderness in the hip joint
- Feeling of the bone rubbing against the bone or sounding due to this
- Decrease in hip range of motion that prevents walking and causes limping
- Inability to meet needs such as wearing socks and shoes
- Hip joint pain that increases especially in rainy weather
- Over time, the symptoms may increase and occur even at rest (at night).
- Your doctor will often suspect osteoarthritis when questioning the patient and during a hip exam.
- Tenderness in the hip joint
- Range of motion of the hip
- Whether there is sound from the hip joint
- Presence of pain with hip movement on examination
- Your walk
And your doctor evaluates the condition of the muscles and ligaments around the hip.
The diagnosis is confirmed by visualization of hip calcification on x-ray. Typically, narrowing of the joint space and the formation of bone protrusions around the joint. Rarely MRI is needed
Physical therapy applications are among the most frequently used treatment options in the treatment of hip arthritis. Electrotherapy, ultrasound, laser, short wave, superficial heat applications, hiltherapy are the most commonly used physical therapy methods. In-water exercises and spa treatment are also effective treatment methods in the treatment of hip osteoarthritis.
Ozone, hyaluronic acid, platelet-rich plasma and cortisone injections into the hip joint can be used in appropriate situations.