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Herniated Disc

What Is Herniated Disc?

Herniated Disc is an illness that occurs as a result of the slipping of the discs between the 5 vertebrae compressing the spinal cord forming the spine and thus the nerves separated from the spinal cord due to wear, tear or displacement or various reasons. The discs are located between your bones so they can move easily. It’s called a herniated disc when one of these disks tears or leaks.

Who Gets Herniated Disc?

  • Mostly people between 30 and 50
  • Men are more at risk than woman
  • People who sit for long time in the same position
  • People who are overweight
  • People who lift heavy objects
  • People who smoke a lot
  • People who bend and twist a lot

Discs have soft, gel-like centers. They have firm outer layer. The outer layer weaken and can crack with time. The leaked material may press on nearby spinal nerves.

Herniated Disc
Symptoms of Herniated Disc

Symptoms of Herniated Disc

  • Pain in arms and legs
  • Numbness and tingling in the areas of the nerves affected by lumbar hernia
  • Weakness in the muscles
  • Inability to stay on tiptoe
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Pain in the waist, hips and legs
  • Major restrictions on movements
  • Difficulty sitting and getting up
  • Incontinence
  • Quick exhaustion

Factors Causing Herniated Disc

  • Overweight and sedentary life
  • Smoking as it causes fluid loss
  • Injuries
  • Sudden movements
  • Persons, whose occupation is driving
  • Desk workers
  • Pregnancy

Herniated disk in Turkey is diagnosed with those tests:

X-rays: Getting x-rays can help to find the causes of back or neck pain.

MRI Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This is the most common and accurate technique to find the cure of herniated disk.

CT (Computed tomography): A CT scan can show the bones of your spine.

Myelogram: During myelogram, an injection is given into your spine using X-ray guidance. That way the dye can revel the narrowing of the spinal canal.

Electromyogram (EMG): With this test small needles are placed into various muscles to determine the function of your nerves.

Let’s say you are home for a while and you suffer from herniated disk pain. Here are some things you can do to ease the pain:

The diagnosis of Herniated Disc is made by a careful patient history, physical and neurological examination, as well as imaging methods such as x-ray, MRI (magnetic resonance) or CT (computed tomography). In some cases nerve examinations called EMG ( electromyography ) may be needed.

  • Take some rest for a few days. But avoid staying in bed for long periods to prevent stiffness.
  • Take a pain-killer including ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
  • Apply heat or ice.

What are the Treatment Methods in Lumbar Hernia?

Lumbar hernia treatment is applied individually. Except for severe neurological symptoms such as progressive loss of strength, urinary and faecal incontinence, it does not require emergency surgical treatment. Generally, the vast majority of patients can be treated without surgical intervention

During this period, pain relief and muscle relaxant drug treatments are usually applied. In some cases, controlled steroid therapy can be used. Bracing can be used for a short time when necessary.

Physical therapy methods have an important place in the herniated disc treatment. For this purpose, hot applications, ultrasound, laser, pain relief current treatments, massage, mobilization , manual therapy , dry needling , taping) are the most commonly used treatment methods.

In some cases, epidural injections and nerve blocks can be applied to the lumbar region to relieve pain .

Best treatments for herniated disk:

Medication: An anti-inflammatory pain reliever or muscle relaxant.

Physical therapy: A therapist offers you an exercise program to help relieve pressure on your nerves.

Spinal injections: A spinal injection is a shot of steroid medication directly into your spine.

Surgery: Some cases can require surgery when it comes to herniated risk. There are many ways to perform this surgery referring to herniated disc Antalya but the main goals is to relieve pressure on the nerve.

Remember to ask your doctor these questions:

  • Will ice or heat help?
  • What pain medication should I take?
  • Are there any exercises that I can perform?
  • How much walking or other activities should I be doing?
  • For how long do I need to rest?
  • If considering spine injections, what injection is likely to help relieve my pain?

Questions and Answers About Herniated Disc:

  • Can a herniated disc heal itself?

Most of the time, herniated disks heal on their own or with simple home-care measures.

  • How does disc herniation feel like?

Pain is often described as sharp or burning numbness or tingling. People who have a herniated disk often have radiating numbness or tingling in the body parts.

  • How do you fix a herniated disc?

In most of all cases, surgeons can remove just the protruding portion of the disk. Rarely, the entire disk must be removed.

  • What is the fastest way to heal a herniated disc?

Treatment with rest, pain medication, spinal injections, and physical therapy is the first step to recovery.

  • Does MRI show herniated disc?

MRI scan is the most common test available to find herniated and bulging discs and annular tears.

  • Is herniated disc permanent?

Most of the time, pain associated with a herniated disc goes away on its own over a period of weeks or months and does not cause permanent damage to the spine or nerves.

  • What makes a herniated disc worse?

The pain from a herniated disc usually is worse when you are active and gets better when you are resting. Coughing, sneezing, sitting, driving, and bending forward may make the pain worse.

  • Is walking good for herniated disc?

Daily walks are an excellent way to exercise with a herniated disc.

  • How do you sleep with a herniated disc?

For more comfort, nestle a small pillow or rolled-up towel under your knees and lower back.

  • How long does a herniated disc take to fully heal?

The average amount of time it takes for a herniated disk to heal is four to six weeks, but it can get better within a few days depending on how severe the herniation was and where it occurred.

  • Can bed rest heal a herniated disc?

At best, too much bed rest does nothing to help you heal. At worst, it worsens your herniated disc.

  • What makes a herniated disc worse?

The pain from a herniated disc usually is worse when you are active and gets better when you are resting. Coughing, sneezing, sitting, driving, and bending forward may make the pain worse.

  • Do herniated discs get worse with age?

These discs can become weakened over time as you age. This can increase the risk of a herniated disc, also called a ruptured disc.

  • How do you check for herniation?

Your doctor will check for a bulge in the groin area. If the diagnosis isn’t readily apparent, your doctor for herniated disc Turkey might order an imaging test, such as an abdominal ultrasound, CT scan or MRI.

12 Things You Should Avoid With a Herniated Disc

  • Too much bed rest
  • Prolonged sitting
  • Bending over
  • Doing laundry
  • Feeding pets
  • Picking up items
  • Vacuuming
  • Yard work
  • Sleeping like your normally do
  • Exercises to avoid with bulging disc (deadlifts, sit-ups, hamstring stretches, any exercise that requires twisting)
  • Sports to avoid: Football, rugby, running, golf
  • Eating some foods such as sugary, processed foods, foods made with vegetable oil, fried foods, processed grains, processed meats

15 best back exercises to ease the pain:

  • Resistance band pull-apart
  • Lat pulldown
  • Back extension
  • Suspended row
  • Wood chop
  • Good morning
  • Quadruped single-arm dumbbell row
  • Wide dumbbell bent-over row
  • Barbell deadlift
  • Superman
  • Single-arm dumbbell row
  • Renegade dumbbell row
  • Reverse fly
  • Pullup
  • Forearm plank

Summary

A herniated disk occurs when the center of a spinal disk gets out of the disk’s outer casing. This can result in pain, numbness and weakness, also pressure and irritation.

People can’t always prevent disk herniation. Some of the factors like aging, genetics and frequent driving can make you get herniated risk easily. Anyway, some experts suggest using safer lifting techniques, quitting smoking and managing weight.

Doctors can use a physical exam to diagnose a herniated disk in many cases. They may order X-ray, CT scan, MRI, myelogram and electromylogram so they can get more information about the spine and disks.

You shouldn’t worry if you have an herniated disk. With the right treatment of herniated disc Turkey, the symptoms can be relieved. The easier treatments are pain medication and physical therapy. Most people will recover with minimal treatments however, a person may require surgery in more  severe cases. A person should consult a doctor for recommendations on which ones to take before taking any medications. You should also follow all instructions on the packaging or from the doctor or pharmacist.